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Showing posts from February, 2020

Berpikir untuk Menulis atau Menulis untuk Berpikir?

Menulis merupakan komunikasi interpersonal (yang menuntut seseorang berpikir sebelum menulis) dan sekaligus komunikasi intrapersonal (yang membuat seseorang menulis untuk berpikir).

Konsep-konsep yang tersedia dalam literatur tentang hakikat menulis tampaknya terpolarisasi menjadi dua kutub yang berlawanan. Di satu sisi, menulis dipandang sebagai proses mengkomunikasikan pesan (pikiran, emosi, atau perasaan) melalui symbol-simbol simbol bahasa tulis (huruf, tanda baca, dan spasi). Dalam proses ini, penulis pertama-tama berpikir dan kemudian menulis (menuangkan pikirannya ke dalam tulisan). Di sisi lain, menulis dipandang sebagai proses berpikir atau proses untuk mengklarifikasi, tidak hanya mengkomunikasikan, pemikiran. Kedua pandangan yang berlawanan ini menimbulkan pertanyaan apakah kita berpikir dulu lalu menulis, atau menulis dulu dan kemudian berpikir. (Mirip dengan pertanyaan klasik: 'Ayam dulu  dan telur?'). Artikel ini mencoba memastikan pandangan mana yang paling dekat…

Think to write or write to think?

Writing is essentially both an interpersonal communication (in which one thinks to write) and an intrapersonal communication (in which one writes to think)
The concepts available in the literature about the nature of writing seem to be polarized into two opposing poles. One the one hand, writing is viewed as the process of communicating messages (thoughts, emotions, or feelings) in a readable form using written language symbols (letters, punctuation, and spaces). In short, he first thinks and then writes. On the other hand, writing is viewed as a thinking process. In this paradigm, writing is seen as a process for clarifying, not simply communicating thinking. These two opposing views have made the question of whether we think first and write or write first and then think as difficult as to answer the old ‘chicken and egg’ issue. This article aims to determine which of these views is closest to the nature of writing by examining what happens in a real writing process.
The proponents …

Why Millennials Should Master English

In addition to the skills suggested by World Economic Forum (2016), i.e. complex problem solving, critical thinking, creativity, people management, coordinating with others, English proficiency is also crucial to master by the millennials if they want to thrive and contribute to their nation-building in the Industrial Revolution 4.0. English today is not only the first global language in a general sense but also a crucial factor for both individual and national development. To an individual, English proficiency is not only necessary for face-to-face speaking, phone conversation, or email with clients and colleagues but also for professional growth and advancement. To a country, the population’s English proficiency will ease international trade, and international trade is ‘the engine of economic growth’.
The huge benefits of English proficiency at an individual level was reported by British Council’s (2013). It revealed that “Improving English skills (drive) up salaries, … improved Engl…

Is poetry really worth reading?

Poetry, the oldest literary genre, has been created since 2000 B.C. when the Sumerians produced oral poetic works, like "Epic of Gilgamesh" and the ancient Greeks and Romans produced great epic poetry such as Homer’s "Iliad" and "Odyssey" and Hesiod’s "Works and Days." during 1200 B.C. to A.D. 455, while fiction was invented in the 12th century in England. Although it is much older than fiction, why does poetry get less readership than fiction? According to National Endowment for the Arts(2018), there were 126.5 million (41.8%) of American adults who read novels or short stories in 2017, but only 27.9 million (11.7%) read poetry at the same year. In 2008, 47% of American adults read novels or short stories, but only 8.3% read poetry. Data concerning fiction vs poetry readership in other countries is not available. But it seems that the preference for reading fiction than poetry also occurs in other countries.
From the readers' perspective, wh…

Robots are taking human jobs. How should we respond?

The jobs that will never be "robbed" by machines are those requiring higher-order thinkings and creativity, and those involving complex human relationships. To thrive in the 21st century, one should equip himself these competencies and skills.
Humans have a natural predisposition to keep on creating better tools to be more productive or to have things done more effectively. By inventing new tools, people expect to have a more comfortable and prosperous life. The use of a variety of interconnected smart technologies, such as artificial intelligence (AI), autonomous machines, and the internet of things (IoT) to automatic machines (robots) has made human life much easier. Various jobs, ranging from the easy to the heavy ones, and the safe to risky ones, are now carried out by robots. As an example, Rifkin (n.d.) described how the mechanical, biological, and chemical technologies have replaced millions of farmworkers over the past 100 years. Before the first industrial revolut…